Acrophobia (Fear of Heights) - Causes & How to deal with it

 

Acrophobia

WHAT IS ACROPHOBIA ?

Acrophobia is a mental health condition in which a person has a strong fear of heights.It is an anxiety disorder. When a person with acrophobia thinks of tall heights or is placed at a substantial height, they suffer great fear and anxiety. They frequently avoid situations or locations that entail heights. 

A certain amount of apprehension surrounding heights is normal for everyone, and most individuals are even more careful when they are at a substantial height. When we look down from a high point, such as a bridge, most of us may feel nervous or a little wobbly. People who suffer from acrophobia, on the other hand, experience tremendous and unjustified dread when confronted with heights, including common chores like as mounting a flight of stairs, standing near a balcony, or parking a car in a multi-story parking garage. 

What is the prevalence of acrophobia?


One of the most common phobias is acrophobia. Acrophobia affects between 3% and 6% of the population. 

What are the symptoms and indicators of acrophobia?


Acrophobia is characterised by acute anxiety and a fear of heights. Some persons who suffer from acrophobia are afraid of substantial heights, such as a tall bridge, while others are afraid of modest heights, such as being on a ladder.

Psychiatric symptoms

  • When thinking about, looking at, or being at high places, you experience intense fear and anxiety.
  • Fear of anything bad happening in a high position, such as falling or becoming imprisoned in a high area.
  • If you're in a prominent position, you may have a strong desire to flee.

Physical indications and symptoms

  • When thinking about or looking at heights, you may experience a quick heartbeat.
  • When thinking about or looking at heights, you may feel dizzy and lightheaded.
  • I'm feeling nauseous.
  • Trembling. 
  • Having difficulty breathing. 

Who is affected by acrophobia?

Acrophobia, like other phobias, can strike anyone at any age. Specific phobias, such as acrophobia, are more likely to develop in youngsters and manifest themselves in teens and young adults. Females are more likely than guys to develop phobias.  

What kinds of heights are acrophobics terrified of?


Acrophobics may be afraid of the following heights or situations:

  • Climbing a flight of stairs.
  • Being on a ladder
  • Making use of a multi-level parking garage.
  • Being on a bridge or crossing one.
  • Riding a rollercoaster.
  • Standing near a balcony or at the highest point of a building.
  • A view from a lofty building's window. 

 How is acrophobia identified?


Acrophobia is diagnosed by asking detailed questions about the person's background, experiences, and symptoms. In order to be diagnosed with acrophobia, you must have had a persistent fear and anxiety of heights for at least six months.

To diagnose acrophobia, your healthcare professional would most likely utilise the criteria in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5), a publication of the American Psychiatric Association. In addition, your provider will rule out any other physical or mental health disorders that could be affecting your symptoms. 

In general, phobias are diagnosed using at least four criteria, which are as follows:

Anxiety that is intense and unreasonable: Fear that is persistent and out of proportion to an adequate amount of fear.

Anticipatory anxiety
: A person with a phobia tends to focus on or fear future scenarios or experiences involving the object or circumstance they are scared of.

Avoidance :Many persons with phobias will intentionally avoid the frightening thing or scenario. Some people will go to great efforts to avoid the thing they are terrified of.

The phobia interferes with daily activities: In order to be diagnosed as a phobia, the individual's fear must hinder their daily life in some way. 

Is there a treatment for acrophobia?


There is no cure for acrophobia at the moment, however exposure therapy, a type of psychological therapy, is effective in treating it. In general, exposure therapy is regarded as the first-line treatment for certain phobias. 

What is the prognosis (prognosis) of acrophobia?


Because many people can avoid the circumstance that they fear, only roughly 10% to 25% of those who have a specific phobia, such as acrophobia, seek therapy for their illness. If you have acrophobia, avoiding situations involving heights can make it difficult to do ordinary chores such as walking up a flight of stairs or crossing a bridge, as well as impair your general quality of life.

Acrophobia can also be dangerous if you have a panic episode at a high height, such as while climbing a ladder. This is why it is critical to seek treatment. 

Exposure therapy, particularly virtual reality exposure therapy, has been demonstrated in studies to be effective in treating acrophobia. People with acrophobia who do not seek therapy are twice as likely to develop a generalised anxiety disorder or depression unrelated to their phobia. 

How can I take care of myself if I am afraid of heights?


There are several things you may do if you're in a high position to try to reduce your anxiety.
Try any of the following actions if you can do them safely while in a high place:

  • Fixing your gaze on the horizon.
  • Looking at fixed items in the immediate vicinity.
  • Whether you're sitting or lying down.
  • Stopping or pausing movement.
  • Performing cognitive diversions such as naming things from a specific category.


It may be unpleasant, but if you are suffering the signs and symptoms of acrophobia, it is critical that you consult with your healthcare physician. Therapy might assist you in overcoming your phobia. 

If you've previously been diagnosed with acrophobia, you can manage your symptoms by doing the following:

  • Getting adequate sleep and physical activity.
  • If you are undergoing psychological therapy to treat your acrophobia, make an appointment with your therapist on a regular basis.
  • Mindfulness practises, such as meditation, are practised.
  • Deep breathing and yoga are two relaxing strategies that I use.
  • I'm reaching out to relatives and friends for help.
  • Joining a support group for persons who suffer from acrophobia or other specialised phobias. 

In conclusion

One of the most common phobias is acrophobia. If you have a fear of heights and find yourself avoiding particular situations or spending a lot of time wondering about how to avoid them, you should consider seeing a therapist.

A therapist can assist you in developing techniques that will allow you to conquer your fear and keep it from interfering with your daily life. 

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