Trypophobia - Symptoms, Causes and Prevention (is it real ? )

 Trypophobia

 

What Is Trypophobia?

Trypophobia, or the fear of repetitive patterns of densely packed holes or protrusions, is not an official diagnosis, but it has received a lot of attention on social media. (The word trypo is derived from the Greek word for "hole.") Some specialists believe it is a type of anxiety illness. 

When staring at surfaces with small holes gathered close together or crowded into a pattern, people with this phobia generally feel nauseated, disgusted, and distressed. 

Various photoshopped photographs were used to promote the seventh season of American Horror Story in 2017, including one of a woman with her scalp cut to show a honeycomb and another of a woman with ring-shaped pits all over her face. The ad campaign triggered so many people's latent trypophobia that it sparked a tweetstorm of protests and warnings.

Trypophobia support groups have lately warned of potential triggers in the film Black Panther, including one scene in which the character Killmonger, portrayed by Michael B. Jordan, removes his shirt to reveal a thick pattern of raised scars on his chest. 

What are the symptoms?


Trypophobia causes emotions of revulsion and discomfort when you stare at an object or surface with small clusters of holes or features that resemble holes.

While most people equate phobias with dread, research from 2018Trusted Source indicates that most persons with trypophobia report disgust as a key symptom rather than terror.

You may also begin to feel disgusted, uneasy, or worried when thinking about anything with this appearance – for example, if your lover begins to tell you how much they adore strawberries and you begin to imagine the fruit.

Some trypophobe symptoms are triggered by the sight of commonplace, innocuous objects, such as:

  • Sponges
  • Bubbles of soap
  • The Swiss cheese
  • Honeycombs
  • Follicles of hair
  • Pores on the skin
  • Showerheads
  • Strawberries
  • Pomegranates
  • Bagels with poppy seeds

Others only respond to visuals that are foreign or uncommon, such as:

  • Reefs of coral
  • Lotus flower seed pods
  • Giving birth to a Surinam toad


Images that have been Photoshopped, such as rows of holes or fangs embedded on an arm, shoulder, or face.

Trypophobia Causes and Risk Factors


Arnold Wilkins and Geoff Cole of England's University of Essex Centre for Brain Science undertook one of the first scientific investigations in 2015 to determine who is susceptible to trypophobia and why.
They hypothesised that trypophobia arose through natural selection

Because many of the world's deadliest animals, such as alligators and crocodiles, as well as certain venomous snakes, spiders, and insects, have repeating high-contrast bumps, circular markings, or pits on their skin, our ancient ancestors who were disgusted or scared by those patterns would have had a better chance of survival in the presence of those dangers. 

According to this logic, these individuals survived to breed and passed on those traits to their kids, who continued to pass it on, and the aversion is still present in the gene pool today. 

How Is Trypophobia Identified?


  • Are the bubbles of boiling water bothering you?
  • Do you find the sight of cantaloupe seeds collected inside the fruit repulsive?
  • Do you avoid motifs like leopard skin?
  • All of these are probable symptoms of trypophobia.If you are only bothered by these phenomena, you most likely have a mild aversion to them. If your reactions cause avoidance and behavioural changes, your illness may be more severe.
  • While there is no well-researched way to diagnose the illness, you can find out whether you have it by viewing to triggering images, which can be found on Google and Reddit Alternatively, you can take the Trypophobia Test on YouTube. 

IMPORTANT

THIS ARTICLE IS MEANT FOR EDUCATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY. DO NOT USE INFORMATION IN THIS TO SELF-DIAGNOSE OR DIAGNOSE OTHER PEOPLE.

IF YOU FEEL THAT YOU OR SOMEONE CLOSE TO YOU MAY POSSESS SOME OF THE CHARACTERISTICS MENTIONED IN THIS, CONSULT A LICENSED MENTAL HEALTH PROFESSIONAL.

Prevention


If you have acute trypophobia symptoms, you can use relaxation techniques to shorten their length and minimise their frequency and intensity in the future. Deep breathing, for example, helps reduce anxiety and dread by decreasing your heart rate and eliciting a relaxation response in your body.

Box breathing is a simple but efficient method.

Here's how it's done:

  • Exhale slowly through your nose for four counts.
  • Inhale slowly through your nose for four counts.
  • Exhale slowly through your nose for four counts.
  • Breathe in this manner for one to five minutes. 

 The main point


Fear of fear is a legitimate condition that can have the same influence on your life as any other sort of phobia or anxiety.

The symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of phobophobia are similar to those of other phobias. Exposure therapy and cognitive behaviour therapy may be used to treat phobic patients. In many circumstances, your symptoms can be managed so that they do not interfere with the life you wish to live. 

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References :
https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamapsychiatry/fullarticle/481737
https://www.everydayhealth.com/trypophobia-101-beginners-guide/
https://www.cbsnews.com/news/understanding-trypophobia-why-some-people-fear-holes/

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